Le très sérieux The Economist s’est intéressé aux stationnements et comment ils influencent les villes. C’est un très long article et c’est en anglais, mais cela vaut la peine: Parkageddon: How not to create traffic jams, pollution and urban sprawl
For as long as there have been cars, there has been a need to store them when they are not moving—which, these days, is about 95% of the time.
A typical [parking] space is 12-15 square metres; add the necessary access lanes and the space per car roughly doubles. For comparison, this summer The Economist will move into a building in central London where it is assumed each employee will have ten square metres of space
Donald Shoup, an authority on parking economics, estimates that creating the minimum number of spaces adds 67% to the cost of a new shopping centre in Los Angeles if the car park is above ground and 93% if it is underground.
Free parking is not, of course, really free. The costs of building the car parks, as well as cleaning, lighting, repairing and securing them, are passed on to the people who use the buildings to which they are attached. Restaurant meals and cinema tickets are more pricey; flats are more expensive; office workers are presumably paid less